However, nothing could be further from the truth. The experiment was about obedience to authority. Cognitive dissonance implies a state in which two cognitions or thoughts are in conflict with one another, or are somewhat inconsistent with one another, which will lead the individual to feel discomfort.
Dale Carnegie Throughout its history, humankind has been motivated to war, terrorism, ethnic cleansing, genocide, racist hysteria, religious intolerance and extremism, mass suicide and many other forms of irrational and pathological behaviour.
Taking this article in conjunction with the previous article on human biology influencing our moral behaviour, it strengthens the case for us to develop moral humility; even people who have committed unspeakable atrocities, mind you, did not commit them in isolation.
We may ask what motivated the extremists to hijack the airplanes and commit such an act? We can also notice how the setting itself also reflected and supported the roles and rules, and thus behavior. The study recruited male college students in good mental health and no history of violence as volunteers and randomly assigned them roles as guards and prisoners.
He tweets mrsultan In my previous article published on May 13, I made a case for the relevance of human biology to our moral behaviour. For example, one attitude-behaviour discrepancies is hypocrisy — e. Were the Nazis inherently evil? Accordingly, each and every individual contributes and expresses a set of distinctive personal attributes to a given situation.
Seeing the Holocaust unfold in front of his eyes, he could not understand how man could inflict so much pain and misery on his fellow man? In this article, I turn my focus towards the relevance of the environment. For instance, a bouncer could refuse entrance when approached by a top hotshot.
The answer lies partially in what is now known famously as the Milgram experiment. I am flying out that morning, one person checks my passport and boarding pass. The professor assumed the role of prison superintendent.
Sir, do you have toiletries? How people are not only determined by their biology but also their environment. It underscores the power of the situation.
The role play involved simulating a prison in the basement of one of the buildings at Stanford. If before the experiment, anyone of us had asked these judges the motivation behind a particular decision, they would give lengthy jargon-laden rationalisation of the specific case.
Finally, we might notice how the setting, roles and uniforms helped to shape the perspectives that led to the behavior of both the guards and prisoners. The brilliant psychologist Stanley Milgram was perplexed by a similar problem. Finally, people tend not to simply react to the objective characteristics of situation, but rather to their own personal versions of them.
Once the study subjects entered the simulated jail, uniforms, rules, and other details distinguished the two groups from each other, and blurred the line between the reality of the study and life in prison. The sensation of discomfort in turn will induce the individual to remove the inconsistency causing him or her discomfort, and seek to balance the cognitions until a harmonious state is reached.
The experiment has been replicated in many cultures with the central finding intact: The situation quickly deteriorated: When the study was over, the students returned to their normal lives, and extensive follow-ups have shown no negative long-term effects on the students.
We might notice that this situation included well-defined roles, characterized by a semi-permanent absolute power differential, established by a clear authority figure and reinforced with identifying uniforms.
The study took place in a simulated jail facility in the Stanford University Psychology Department.
Half of the students were randomly selected to act as prisoners, the other half to act as guards. Civilized students became aggressive guards, while formerly active students became listless, disengaged prisoners who passively underwent their trials and became depressed or disoriented.Summary of "The Power of Situations" The authors of "The Power of Situations" are Lee Ross and Richard E.
Nisbett. Ross is a psychology professor at Stanford University and Nisbett is a psychology professor at the University of Michigan. In the,” The power of situations”, by Lee Ross and Richard E.
Nisbett, the authors are trying to show the power of situations effecting the decisions of the people, how people react in different situations. Nov 02, · This video examines how it is possible to turn a nice pacifist into a frothing lunatic, capable of doing almost anything to his fellow man upon the orders of.
Theories of persuasion and psychology: the power of situations Description: Throughout its history, humankind has been motivated to war, terrorism, ethnic cleansing, genocide, racist hysteria, religious intolerance and extremism, mass suicide and many other forms of irrational and pathological behaviour.
The Power of Situation – The Stanford Prison Experiment August 19, / Lisa Christie / One comment The Stanford Prison Experiment was conducted by Professor Philip G. Zimbardo in at Stanford University to explore the question of the power of situation to shape the moral behavior of participants.
This powerful documentary takes us on a journey of self-discovery. We learn just what humans are capable of through the study of our responses to commands and leadership. How is it that dictators a.Download