The concept of fascism as political religion

Fascist insult The term "fascist" has been used as a pejorative[64] regarding varying movements across the far right of the political spectrum. And so in his new Berlin the great Palace of Congress was to be like the Pantheon.

Because of this, Nazism was countered by many political and religious organizations as being a political religion, based on the dominance which the Nazi regime had Gates and Steane.

Nationalism was regeneration of the nation through a national revolution. Loyalty oaths or membership in a dominant or sole political party may be required for employment, government services, or simply as routine. Political parties in Europe, in the Western countries, are no longer able to build up a single-party regime.

Nevertheless, he was fascinated by the idea that his movement was becoming a European movement. Impact of the Bolshevik Revolution The. It is impossible to imagine totalitarianism as a static phenomenon, because the process of regeneration is a long one.

Secular religion

A willingness to place ends over means—in particular, a willingness to use violence and fraud. He went into the Colosseum and the Pantheon with a German-Italian archaeologist.

When he went into The concept of fascism as political religion Pantheon, its huge dome intrigued him. In any nation you sacrifice your life in war to save the country.

But they were not all moving toward the same goal. They both express human needs. And in a sense, Lincoln is still present as a Greek theologian of the American civil religion, as many U.

Ancient Rome never was racist, never had single-party rule, and certainly never pretended to be a regenerative movement to unite all Europe under the banner of a single-party ruler. Displays of leaders in the form of posters or statues may be mandated in public areas and even private homes.

They examine the connections between fascism, political religion and totalitarianism by exploring two inter-war fascist regimes, two abortive European movements, and two post-war American extreme right-wing movements with contrasting religious components.

Fascism, Totalitarianism and Political Religion

Although its primary focus will be on the authoritarian and totalitarian politics of the twentieth century, the series will also provide a forum for the wider discussion of the politics of faith and salvation in general, together with an examination of their inexorably catastrophic consequences.

Not all of these aspects are present in any one political religion; this is only a list of some common aspects.

It also features in revolutionary politics. One was a consequence of the First World War; four great old aged empires were destroyed and new democratic and constitutional republics emerged.

The church body of the state no longer held control over the practices of religious identity. It had been very familiar to the political culture in Italy and in Europe since the French Revolution—both on the left and on the right.

And then you can also see such symbolism in U. But the key word in his definition of Rome is myth. DH The idea that humanity could succumb to another false messiah of the proportion of Mussolini or Hitler or Stalin is very troubling.

But it is very difficult to understand how this new dictatorship would be imposed. It would be utterly refused. Where there is suppression of religious institutions and beliefs, this might be explicitly accompanied by atheistic doctrine as in state atheism. But Hitler was a player in Europe, and he was against the legacy of Rome even if Hitler himself was fascinated by the myth of Roman greatness.

This idea is nonsense. This volume was previously published as a special issue of the journal Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions. As a result, some or all religious sects are either suppressed or banned.

EG Obviously the Age of the Dictators, understood as the period between the two world wars and of the Soviet Empire in Western Europe, when dictators were the permanent structure of the political system, has passed.

Even considering Stalin and Mao, the common ground, the grammar of political religion, looks like a Bible archetype: Whenever this happens, you can have lasting peace, but not freedom, not the dignity of human beings. In the creation of fascism, he stressed that it was not a theoretical movement or simply a political movement.

The "Fascist left" included Michele BianchiGiuseppe BottaiAngelo Oliviero OlivettiSergio Panunzio and Edmondo Rossoniwho were committed to advancing national syndicalism as a replacement for parliamentary liberalism in order to modernize the economy and advance the interests of workers and common people.

When Mussolini became interventionist in the First World War, he translated this language of religious socialism into religious nationalism. So you have to regenerate them, always through violence.

The more a person considers inequality to be unavoidable or even desirable, the further to the right he or she will be". Table of Contents 1.

But of course, both Mussolini and Hitler did not pretend to restore the pure spirit of Gospel.Fascism as Political Religion In modern society, secularization has not produced a definitive separation between the spheres of religion and politics. Emilio Gentile, an internationally renowned authority on fascism and totalitarianism, argues that politics over the past two centuries has often taken on the features of religion, claiming as its own the prerogative of defining the fundamental purpose and meaning of human life.

Secular political. Abstract. This article presents political religion as a concept for studying Communism, Fascism and National Socialism, which display significant elements of traditional religion, such as rites of purgation, penitence and renewal, cultic.

Under Fascism, the political arena became permeated with myths, rites, and symbols of a secular religion, imbued with fundamental values, and intended to mould the moral consciousness and meaning of the existence for all Italians.

A secular religion is a communal belief system that often rejects or neglects the metaphysical aspects of the supernatural, commonly associated with traditional religion, instead placing typical religious qualities in earthly entities.

Among systems that have been characterized as secular religions are capitalism, communism, anarchism. Prior to Fascism's accommodations to the political right, Fascism was a small, urban, northern Italian movement that had about a thousand members.

After Fascism's accommodation of the political right, the Fascist movement's membership soared to approximatelyby

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